At the beginning of the 1940s, swing jazz was still evolving. It became even more energetic which an even more driving rhythm and incorporated more elements of the blues. Louis Jordan and others were now performing what would be called Jump, Jive, Jump & Jive, and Jump Blues. Boogie Woogie and other novelty and jazz styles began to emerge as well.

From jump blues with rhythm & blues evolved what became early rock & roll. With influences from boogie woogie also emerged rockabilly. For a short time, early rock & roll still held onto brass and reed instruments, but these were quickly dropped for the electric guitar. In many cases, the piano was also dropped, but would be revived several times over the decades as rock evolved.

Jump & jive, jump blues, boogie woogie, swing jazz, various uptempo styles of the blues, rockabilly, and early rock & roll were all danced to by lindy hoppers and west coast swing dancers. Each of these styles of music, for the most part, can be described as swing dance music.

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